Styrenated Soybean Oil Derivatives as a Replacement for Naphthenic and Aromatic Rubber Processing Oils (RFT-512/513)

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Invention Summary


Scientists at NDSU have developed styrenated soybean oil derivatives that can be used as a direct replacement for naphthenic and aromatic oils in rubber processing. A particularly promising derivative is soybean oil (SBO) modified with polystyrene (SBO-PS). Tests using this bio-based rubber processing oil produced rubber with improved wet and ice traction with preserved low rolling resistance, while also providing better tensile properties, and similar durometer hardness and tear resistance, as compared with naphthenic and aromatic oils. These results demonstrate that non-toxic soybean oil derivatives can provide high performing alternatives to the more toxic naphthenic and aromatic oils that are currently used for rubber processing. See for example the figure below, comparing naphthenic oil (NO), SBO-PS, and a 50/50 mixture of the two.

Benefits of SBO-PS compared with using naphthenic processing oil based on preliminary tests:

  • Improved wet and ice traction
  • Very similar rolling resistance
  • Increased tensile strength and elongation
  • No difference in tear resistance or hardness
  • No additional curatives needed
  • Eco-friendly with low toxicity
  • Utilizes widely available materials


RFT-512: The technology includes styrenated plant oils, styrenated plant oil-based polyesters, and styrenated plant oil-based poly(vinyl ethers) for use as processing aids for rubber compounds. It also includes the methods for producing the styrenated compounds and rubber materials.

RFT-513: The technology includes rubber compounds incorporating sucrose fatty acid esters or poly(vinyl ether) fatty acid esters that contain plant oil-derived fatty acids in addition to the methods of making and using the compounds.


These technologies are patent pending with fully preserved PCT patent rights and are available for licensing/partnering opportunities.


Henry Nowak, Technology Manager


RFT RFT512 RFT513 512 513 

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